Thursday, November 16, 2017


Have you ever been alone, just sitting and thinking, spending very precious time contemplating on how all would end while you are just alone, say, in the porch, or perhaps by the window, where you just look at the blank space in the distance?  Death is something even us old folks can only think about ... we probably cannot actually know and experience it.  We can wonder ... would it be lonely when that happens?

In times like this, one would perhaps think of the medical people who have been working so hard to keep us alive.  It's the medical doctors that I have in mind right now.  Many of them, when they deal with old people would be guided by their hypocratic oath ... to save lives ... to keep a patient alive whatever it takes ... etc., etc.  Sometimes, this is no longer in consideration of how the old person thinks about it.  In many cases, doctors succeed in saving lives, in prolonging lives, but usually of a different quality.

I recall what I told the two doctors who were looking after my late mother, Nana, when in the hospital they asked me what should be done when a medical situation happens.  I took control immediately.  I told the doctors, "if she stops breathing, let nature take its course.  Do not revive.  Even if you can revive her, she will not regain her previous quality of life which she is entitled to whatever happens. I take all the responsibilities relating to this."

In any case, what does the extension of life means?  It's really more old age and less quality life.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

An Idea Out Of Frustration

I'm neither pro-administration nor pro-opposition, and am not bothered by it one bit.  I just observe independently and I don't contribute to public policy.  I'm retired, a septuagenarian, and largely not listened to nor read.  In other words, I express my ideas probably largely for myself as only a very few people read my blog.  Those who read me must do so to understand what I'm saying, but those reading me to prepare to rebut all what I say are not welcome to my blog.

Not that there have been no killings in the past, but since the start of the drug war by the government there has been an increasing number of deaths in the hands of the police, and vigilantes, and not unlikely other criminal elements trying to take advantage of the situation to get rid of competitors in the drug business.  If we look at the data, it's bad, really bad.  The problem is that on the basis of media reports this country looks more like a nation of criminals and the government is not even trying to counter such public image.  And, of course, the opposition is enjoying, to the hilt, its "freedom of speech" to accuse everybody in government, particularly President Duterte, of wrong doing without even producing an iota of evidence.  How could they? ... Well, this is all politics.

And we all say, "it's a free country."

Well, I don't like what's happening in our country, so I am complaining.  I'm not only complaining, but I am also proposing to at least partially solve the problem.  Of course I do expect people to agree or disagree with my idea.  If you agree with the idea, say your piece and perhaps even suggest how we could improve the idea being proposed.  If you don't agree, say your piece just the same then shut up.  If you're a Troll, you're not welcome.  Keep out of the way.

Now, here's what I'd like to say.  Don't kill the criminals, specially those arrested for drug-related crimes.  Herd them to an island.  What kind of an island?  I have an idea and I'm giving an example of that island.  The island I'm referring to is Di'nem Island, part of the island-municipality of Itbayat in Batanes.  I'm not offering Di'nem because I can't do that.  I'm just giving this as an example.  Why is this a good example?  Well, look at the basic characteristics of the island.  Let me say here that the Itbayatens, the natives of Itbayat, would probably not agree with this idea, too.  This idea may make sense or it may not make any sense at all.  Just read on.

The National Government should negotiate with (NOT IMPOSE ON) the Provincial Government of Batanes and the Municipal Government of Itbayat to use the island of Di'nem (also known as Diogo Island, Isla Diego, Rodonta) as a prison island, much like the island of Alcatraz in the US.  The island is an uninhabited volcanic island (Philvocs says it's extinct).  Di'nem is a small round island about 513 meters high, 1.21 km in diameter, 5.6 km southeast of Itbayat.  The island does not have beeches, only cliffs around the entire island.  It has a steep westerm side that drops some 50-200 meters straight to the sea.  Its eastern side hosts four islets, the largest of which is about 0.8 km eastwards to the Pacific Ocean.  The whole Di'nem Island is surrounded by deep and dangerous sea with very powerful undercurrent.  Put mildly, the island is inaccessible and inhospitable

Of course, if you keep prisoners on this island, the Philippine Coast Guard must maintain constant sea patrol around it, and while doing that the PCG ships could also watch out for Taiwanese poachers that abound in the area.  The island would definitely be more inhospitable and unfriendly compared to the island of Alcatraz in the US.  Prisoners on the island would not drown during tsunamis because even a huge tsunami would probably reach only a tenth of the height of the island cliffs.  They will have to co-habitate the island with poisonous reptiles, wild animals, and insects, though.  Would prisoners be able to escape?  They most certainly could try and the sharks in the area would probably have feasts as well.  If the sharks would not be active, no one would survive the powerful undercurrent pushing toward the Pacific Ocean.

There are pluses and minuses to this idea.  There are thousands of uninhabited (in fact, even unnamed) islands all over the Philippines to consider.  My sense is that the National Government would probably prefer an island close to the seat of government, in which case Di'nem would certainly have to be excluded.  But the question at this time is: is our society ready for this idea, or am I too inhuman to even think of it?

Monday, August 28, 2017

For those interested, not necessarily believers or non-believers, here's a very brief and probably incomplete description  of the different generational groupings according to some social researchers and demographers.  I tried to generate this information, but I'm not a social researcher.  Neither am I a demographer.  So, I may have errors here.

Lost Generation
World War I Gen
The generation that came of age (they were in their teens and tweens) during World War I. They didn’t vanish but simply were disoriented, wandering, directionless due mainly to the great confusion and aimlessness among survivors of World War I until the post-war years.
GI Generation
World War II  Gen
Sometimes referred to as the Great Generation in the US who came of age during the Great Depression and went on to fight in WWII.  This generation fought not for fame or money but because “it was the right thing to do.”  In Australia, this generation was also known as the Federation Generation.  The “GI” term is a military term referring to “Government Issue” or “General Issue.”
Silent Generation
Lucky Few Gen
First generation in the US that was smaller than the generation preceding it.  Having been born in the Great Depression and war years, they came of age in the relatively prosperous 1950s and 1960s. They did things not because someone told them, but because they believed “it was the right thing to do.”  Many who were born between 1943 and 1960 were also Baby Boomers, but possibly elected to stick with the Silent Generation precisely because of differences in characteristics
Baby Boomers
Rock-in-Roll Gen
Associated with the rejection/redefinition of traditional values.  As a group, they tended to think of  themselves as Special Generation, very different from those that came before them.  They comprise a large proportion of those born during and immediately after WWII.
Generation X
MTV Generation
Sometimes they were called “baby boomers” but did not like such label.  “X” refers to a condition of an unknown variable or to a desire not to be defined.  Sometimes they were referred to as the MTV Generation (with reference to the popularity of a music video channel in the US).  Gen X was  relatively small generation between the Baby Boomers and the Millennials.
Oregon Trail Generation
Late 1970s-Early 1980s
Bridge Gen bet Gen X and Millennials
Named after the video game Oregon Trail, Apple II version. Sometimes they are called “The Lucky Ones.”  They share traits with Xennials or Catalano generations.  Xennials are “a micro-generation that serve as a bridge between the disaffection of Gen X and the blithe optimism of Millennials.”  Generally, those born from the late 1970s to the early 1980s did not feel they fit into the different definitions of Gen X and Millennials.
Gen Y, Echo
The Millennials are often children of Baby Boomers.  generally marked by  increased use of and familiarity with communications, media, and digital technologies.  One look at what has been published about the generational groups tell us that the Millennials are the ones most talked about.  They’re the largest generation; older Millennials are now occupying decision posts in both government and private industry, and the younger Millennials are completing their basic education.  Some demographers estimate that in the next five to 10 years more than 90% of those in positions of decision making in our society will be Millennials.  They are bound to influence society greatly.   A cursory look at the younger people in the workforce would indicate that, at this time (2017), the Millennials would rather not do things the way older generations used to.
John Newton, the Australian social researchers, summarized the characteristics of Gen Y with the following points: 1) e3veryone’s a winner; 2) life was never meant to be hard; 3) out of range is out of the question; 4) why do we do it that way?; and 5) appearances can be deceiving.  This generation, according to Newton, is desperate for leadership, to connect with other generations particularly the older ones to whom they look up to for leadership.
Generation Z
Mid-1990s to Mid-2000s.
Centennials, iGeneration, Plurals, Homeland Gen, Post-Millennials.
Widespread use of Internet from a young age; they’re comfortable with technology and social media. They are predominantly children of Generation X.  More risk-averse than other generations.  First generation to have the Internet readily available to them.  They are predominantly children of Gen X but they also have parents who are Millennials.  Compared with Millennials, the Gen Z is more conservative, more money-oriented, more entrepreneurial, and more pragmatic.
Alpha Generation
Born from 2010-2015
Transformative Gen
Compared to other generations ahead of it, the Alphas will be more entrepreneurial, more tech savvy, they’ll shop online, they will be influenced by their Gen X and Gen Y parents, and they will be more self-sufficient, better educated, and better prepared for big challenges.  As of last year (2016), in the US, there were some 22M Millennial parents with 9,000 Alpha babies born to them daily.  Social Researcher and Demographer McCrindle estimated that there were 2.5M members of Gen Alpha born each week world-wide.

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

The Cherokee Prayer

(to the tune of Amazing Grace)

Introductory instrumental with these verses:

My  spirit will wander these lands, now and forever more
Hold on to what is good, even if it’s a handful of earth
Hold on to what you believe, even if it’s a tree that stands alone by itself
Hold on to what you must do, even if it’s a long way from here
Hold on to your life, even if it’s easier to let go
Hold on to my hand, even if someday I’ll be gone away from you.

(Sing in Cherokee language and to the tune of Amazing Grace):

Oh Great Spirit whose voice I hear in the winds
And whose breath gives life in all the world, hear me
I am small and weak, I need strength and wisdom
Let me walk in beauty, and make my eyes ever behold
The red and purple sunset

Make my hands respect the things you have made
And my ears sharp to hear your voice
Make me wise so that I may understand
The things you have taught my people
Let me learn the lessons you have hidden in every leaf and rock.

I seek strength, not to be greater than my brother
But to fight my greatest enemy, myself …
Make me always ready to come to you
With clean hands and straight eyes
So when life fades, as the fading sunset
My spirit may come to you without shame.

Tuesday, February 21, 2017


This is my second post on this subject matter, and I'm just thinking aloud.

Feeling low?  Feeling a bit depressed?  Or simply suffering from self-pity?  I find if difficult to differentiate these three especially when I'm a bit down.  At my age, this is a clear reminder that can only mean my time to move on is rather close, which is quite easy to understand.  May be I've stayed in this world a bit longer than I had to.   To the question, how do I wish it to happen?  I have a very simple answer: I want it quick, if it cannot be avoided.  You see I'm afraid of dying so I'm ruling out a long-drawn sickness, or even being pinned down for hours or days between two beams under the rubble of a building after an earthquake.  I don't like that a bit because I'm claustrophobic, and I could die under the rubble.  I think I deserve better than that.  Anyway, I prefer a quick one.  Now, how would this thing happen?  It's hard to say.

May be how I die is not my decision to make, but then again may be I could influence the decision, albeit with great effort, of course.  And this thing called influence could be cumulative effect.  Question is, have I done enough good in the past to tilt the balance in may favor?  I'd say, yes, but this may not be subject to self-evaluation so I'm not sure which way it would go especially if my evaluator holds some negative dossier on me which is not entirely impossible given what technology can do today.  That could turn out to be an embarrassment for myself, my family, and loved ones.  Not a good option.  Involved in an accident and I die instantaneously?  How horrible could that be!?  How the heck would I know how I died?  Bad option.  Commit suicide with a gun?  Suppose I miss the spot that could insure my swift death?  Very clumsy.  Terrible option.

For a reasonable man that I claim to be, I think all the options mentioned are bad and really unacceptable.  May be dying is not an option itself?  That's the funny part.  At some point in one's life, death is the only thing that must happen.


Friday, January 27, 2017

Sample Batanes Plants

Of course, these are not the only plant species in Batanes, but it's a good starting list that could come in handy for ecotourists who visit Batanes.  It is my understanding that Batanes is now always in the bucket list of tourists, and there are more tourists visiting the place than could be well handled by the resources there.  Anyway, familiarity with the common plant species in the province and knowing how to conserve them would help retain the natural beauty of the place.

This matrix was supposed to be part of a brochure for ecotourists and tourist guides in Batanes, but since I was not able to complete the plan I just had to provide this information based on the study of Madulid and Agoo (2006).  I would have loved to prepare a more complete brochure, being a frustrated biologist, but it was completely difficult to get appropriate funding for at last a mini-scientific exploration of the province to produce a more complete Brochure of Batanes Biodiversity.  Do enjoy this material.

Sample Batanes Plants
(SOURCE: Madulid, Domingo A. and Esperanza Maribel G. Agoo.  2006.  A Pictorial Guide to the Noteworthy Plants of Batanes Islands.   Manila: UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines, Science and Technology Committee, and National Museum  of the Philippines.)







Coix lacryma-jobi L.
Phil, pantropic
Lowland grasslands
Ornamental plants; dried fruits used for handicrafts

Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw.) Reibb.f. & Zoll.
Phil, Taiwan, South Thailand, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea
Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Leaves applied on forehead to relieve headaches; wrapper for cooked food.

Semecarpus cuneiformis Blco
Phil, Ryuku Islands, Celebes
Lowland forests. Thickets forming boundaries of farms
Sap is poisonous, causes severe irritation on skin
Allium sativum L.
Believed originated from Central Asia
Spice plant; juice rubbed on skin to cure skin diseases

Anoyoy (hanoyoy)
Wedelia biflora C.B.Clarke
Phil, India, Southwestern Pacific Islands
Grasslands, littoral cliffs sandy beeches

Weed, ground cover
Mallotus philippinensis (L.) Muell.-Ang.

Phil, India, Australia
Secondary forests
Podocarpus costalis Presl.
Philippines (Batanes, Babuyan, Cagayan, Polilio); Taiwan (Lan Yu, Orchid Island)
Wooded cliffs; coastal areas, cultivated in backyards, roadsides
Known as “Batanes Tree” or the Provincial Tree of Batanes; highly ornamental; highly sought after as bonsai material; fruits are edible

Flagella indica L.
Phil, Tanzania, Mozambique, West Pacific
Lowland primary forests, secondary forests, thickets

Tying material for roof thatches, fences
Psidium guajava L.
Pantropic,  Introduced to the Philippines from tropical America
Open grasslands, wooded thickets
Fruit is edible; ground young leaves used as antiseptic for wounds.

Cerbera manghas L.
Phil, Tanzania, Southwestern Pacific Islands
Common along beaches and littoral thickets

Ornamental tree
Citrus sp.
Batanes endemic
Cultivated in backyards in Itbayat
Fruit juice is sour, used as condiment for cooking

Chawi, Chayi
Pometia pinnata J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.
Phil, China, Southwestern Pacific Islands
Wooded thickets
Fruits are edible; shade tree, lumber, trunk used as keel of tataya.

Adonidia merrillii Becc.
Palm tree
Native of Palawan, now spread worldwide
Cultivated in gardens and backyards

Leaves trap rainwater and collected in jars
Morinda citrifolia L.
Phil, China, Australia
Coastal areas, secondary forests, lowland grasslands
Medicine for rheumatic and inflamed joints; to relieve chest and stomach pains

Dudoy (eroplano)
Gynura elliptica Yae & Hayata
Batanes. Taiwan (now found in other parts of the Philippines

Lowland grasslands
Common weed
Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burk.
Phil, India, Papua New Guinea
Cultivated in fields
Major rootcrop in Batanes

Citrus hybrid

Considered to be a cross between Citrus maxima and C. medica.

Known only in Batanes
Wooded thickets, cultivated in farms, gardens, backyards
Fruit is a delicacy, eaten raw or pickled in vinegar.
Gagad, agagad
Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Smith

Phil, China, Taiwan (Lan Yu)
Lowland grasslands
Ornamental plant; insect repellant
Citrus sp.

Native lemon, also known in other parts of the country as dayap

Hanot, vayu
Hibiscus tiliaceus L. subsp. tiliaceus
Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell.

Phil, Mexico, South America, Africa, Pacific
Common in beaches or coastal areas
Bark used for ropes; stem used for fences, posts
Stercula ceramica R.Br.
Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Fruits are edible; also used to expel worms and heal wounds

Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Lowland grasslands, along roadsides

Common weed
Asplenium nidus L.
Phil, Africa, Australia
Lowland forest
Young leaves eaten as salad; ornamental plant

Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
Phil, pantropic
Lowland grassland, l.ittoral cliffs
Leaves are crushed and applied to heal wounds.

Citrus sp.

Caesalpina crista L.
Phil, China, New Caledonia
Back of beach forests, wooded thickets near sea shores

Seeds used for ornaments
Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb.
Phil, Africa, southwestern Pacific Islands

Common along beaches
Small shade plant along beaches
Diospyros discolor Willd.
Phil, Indonesia
Lowland forests. Wooded thickets, also planted in backyards

Blackwood used for furniture, lumber, fruit is edible
Diospyros maritime Bl.
Phil, Ryuku Islands, Solomon Islands
Lowland forests, wooded thickets, areas near beaches
Ornamental plant; fruit is food for tattus.
Argemone mexicana L.
Native of tropical America, now spread throughout the tropics

Yellowish sap applied to wounds
Ricinus communis L.
Phil, Tropical and Subtropical areas
Secondary forests
Oil from fruit is cure for headaches, sprains, abdominal and chest pains

Bambusa vulgaris Schrader ex Wendl.
Phil, pantropic
Wooded thickets
Culms used for house construction, handicrafts

Commelina benghalensis L.
Phil, Africa, Micronesia
Wet ground, abandoned fields
Leaves for external medicinal use

Loria (Batanes saba)
Musa paradisiacal L. cultivar
Planted in farms, backyards
Fruit is edible; blossom for vegetable, corms for vegetable

Tabernamontana pandacaqui Poir.
Phil, pantropic
Open waste places, thickets
Fencing plants separating farms

Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Phil, China, India, cultivated elsewhere
Cultivated fields
Rhizome for condiment in cooking; medicine against colds; to induce perspiration.

Artucarpos heterophyllus Lamk.
Phil, native of India
Planted in farms, gardens, backyards
Fruit is edible; young fruit cooked as vegetable

Osmoxylon pectinatum (Merr.) Philip.
Batanes & Northern Luzon, Taiwan
Lowland primary forests, secondary forests

Ornamental plant
Palaquium formosanum Hayata
Philippines, Taiwan
Lowland forests
Wood used as lumber; fruits are edible.

Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw
Phil, Indo-China, Australia
Lowland forests
Medicine for irregular ear discharges; material for handicrafts; tying material

Donax canniformis (Fort.f.) K.Schum.
Phil, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea
Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Raw materials for handicrafts

Saccharum officinarum L.
Phil, pantropic
Cultivated in fields
Juice made into syrup, fermented to wine and vinegar, leaves fed to cows and carabaos

Pait, tapait
Begonia fenicis Merr.
Batanes, Taiwan
Lowland forests, littoral cliffs
Ornamental plant, may be eaten as salad, stem is sour

Pemphis acidula J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Phil, Tropical Africa, Australia
Rocky coastal areas, forested cliffs, wooded thickets

Syzygium sp.
Closely resembles Syzygium taiwanianicum Chang & Miau from Lan Yu

Endemic in Itbayat Island
Planted in backyards and roadsides in Itbayat
Fruit is edible
Ardisia confertiflora Merr.
Endemic to Batanes, Babuyan, Mindoro
Lowland forests. Wooded thickets
Fruits are edible, ornamental tree, Leaves used as poultice for swelling toes and fingers.

Paederia foetida L.
Phil, India, Malaya
Secondary forests
Leaves rubbed on body to cure fatigue or pain; vine is for tying material

Drypetes falcata (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm.

Batanes & Babuyan (endemic)
Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Ornamental plant, lumber
Erythrina variegate L.
Phil, Africa, Fiji
Coastal areas, wooded thickets

Ornamental tree
Piper betle L.
Phil, India. Malay Peninsula
Cultivated in gardens and fields
Leaves applied to red patches on skin; leaves as ingredient in masticatory together with beetle nut.

Terminalia catappa L.
Phil, Madagascar, Southwestern Pacific
Common along beaches, secondary forests
Shade tree, lumber for house construction

Siempre viva
Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers.
Phil (introduced)
Cultivated in gardens
Leaves applied on the head to reduce headache

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Originated from Southeast Asia, now pantropic

Planted in farms and gardens
Major root crop, also cooked as vegetable
Citrus maxima (Burn.) Merr.
Phil, native of the Old World
Cultivated in farms, gardens, backyards

Fruit is edible.
Saccharum spontaneum L.
Phil, Western Asia, Papua New Guinea
Lowland grasslands
Weeds, leaves sometimes used as thatched roof material

Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl. Ex Engl & Kraus
Phil, China Solomon Islands
Lowland forests, in clearings, clinging on coconut or tree trunks

Ornamental plant
Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw
Phil, China, New Guinea
Lowland forest, edge of forest clearings

Salad or cooked as vegetable
Themeda gigantean (Cav.) Hack.
Phil, pantropic
Common in open fields, dry & steep slopes at low to medium altitude

Leaves sometimes used for roof thatch.
Morus alba (L.) Roxb.
Native to China, cultivated & naturalized elsewhere
Secondary forests, wooded thickets
Leaves as medicine for rheumatism and joint pains; ripe fruit are edible

Cyathea lepifera (J. Sm.) Copel.

Lowland forests
Ornamental plant
Tipdus, Tubho
Odontosoria chinensis (L.) J.Sm.
Phil, Africa, Malesia
Thickets or exposed areas, low to medium altitude

Artocarpus treculianus Elm.
Endemic to Philippines
Farms gardens; along roadsides, secondary forests, edge of forests
Fruit is edible as vegetable, leaves as substitutes for plates, wood used for tatayas, lumber for houses, sap cooked and cured as latex to catch birds, shade tree.

Pittosporum moluccanum (Lamk.) Miq.

Phil, Taiwan, Australia
Wooded thickets
Ornamental plant
Clerodendum inerme (L.) Gaertn.
Phil, China, Southwestern Pacific Islands

Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Ornamental plant
Gelonium aequoreum Hance
Batanes (Ivuhos Is.), Taiwan (Lan Yu)
Thickets, open coastal areas
Ornamental plant.
Pandamus odoratissimus L.f.
Pandamus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze

Phil, China, Australia
Along beaches, lowland grasslands
Fruits edible; leaves used for handicrafts
Uhango nu kurang
Dracaena angustifolia Roxb.

Phil, India, Australia
Lowland forests
Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Angiopteris palmiformis (Cav.) C.Chr.
Phil, Indo-China, Taiwan, Marianas
Lowland forests, along streams and rivers

Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Hoya spp.
Clinging on wayside trees and secondary vegetation

Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Curculigo captulata (Lour.) Kantze
Molineria capitulate (Lour.)

Phil, China, Australia
Lowland forests
Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Senna alata (L.) Roxb.

Phil; native to tropical countries
Wooded thickets, cultivated areas
Medicine for skin diseases
Unknown local name
Abelmosehus moschatus (L.) Medic.

Phil, China, Fiji
Wooded thickets
Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Hibiscus mutabilis L.
Phil, China, Taiwan, cultivated elsewhere

Wooded thickets
Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Phalaenopsis aphrodite Reichb.f.

Phil, China. Taiwan
Lowland forests
Ornamental plant
Unknown local name
Peucedanum japonicum Thumb.
Batanes, China, Ryuku Islands
Littoral cliffs
Plant is said to be medicinal.

Dioscorea alata L.
Tropical and subtropical Asia
Cultivated in fields
Major root crop in Batanes

Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br.
Phil, pantropic
Common among beach areas
Leaves for healing wounds

Ficus microcarpa L.f.
Phil, China, New Caledonia
Lowland forests, littoral cliffs
Ornamental tree, fruits eaten by birds, shoots are edible

Vadite (Tapah in Itbayat)
Ficus benjamina L.
Phil, China, Solomon Islands
Lowland forests, wooded thickets

Ornamental tree
Crinum asiaticum L.
Phil, Mauritius, Samoa
Sandy coastal or beach areas, lowland grasslands

Medicinal, ornamental plant
Radermachera fenicis Merr.
Phil, Thailand, Moluccas
Wooded thickets, secondary forests, planted in backyards

Ornamental plant
Calamus batanensis (Becc.) Baja-Lapis
Batanes endemic
Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Fruits are edible, vine for handicrafts; tying material

Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa
Phil, pantropic
Wooded thickets
 Stems for posts and fences; leaves to cure wounds; fruits and leaves applied to skin to cure allergies and rashes.

Callicarpa formosana Rolfe var. formosana

Batanes, Taiwan
Lowland forests
Used for hedgerows
Macaranga tanarius (L.) Muell.-Ang.

Phil, Andaman Islands, Australia
Secondary forests
Leaves cure boils
Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack
Phil, China, Australia
Lowland forests, thickets, gardens
Hardwood used for handles of metal tools; ornamental plant
Citrus sp.
Batanes endemic

Lowland forests, thickets, gardens

Good for lemonade.  Juice extracted for treating meat much like using kalamansi except that varatino's taste is much more elegant.

Zanthoxylum integrifoliolum (Merr.) Merr.
Phil, Taiwan (Lan Yu)
Lowland forests, cultivated areas
Fruits are edible; spongy material gathered from roots used as sealant for tataya.

Diospyros ferrea (Willd.) Bakh.
Philippines, West Africa, India, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Malesia, Australia, Ryuku Islands, Taiwan, Lan Yu

Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Lumber, bark may be mixed with sugar cane juice to enhance taste of fermented alcoholic beverage.
Syzygium sp.
Batanes endemic
Lowland forests, wooded thickets, planted along roads, in backyards
Used for hedgerows; trunk for lumber, firewood.  Fruits are edible (sometimes called Batanes makopa).

Freycinetia formosana Hemsl.
Phil (Batanes), Japan (Ryuku), Taiwan (Tan Yu and Lutao)
Lowland forests
Aerial roots used as handicraft materials, tying material

Cycas edentate de Laub.
Phil, Andaman Islands, Timor
Exposed forested cliffs, along beaches

Ornamental plant
Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng.
Phil, China, Australia
Backyards and open lots, lowland forests

Fruits edible, ornamental plant
Miscanthus floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex Schum. & Laut.
Phil, China, Fiji
Summit of Mt. Iraya, roadsides, hillsides
Used as roofing material, inflorescence used as broom, used as hedgerows

Vodadin, vodalin
Leea guineensis G.Don
Phil, Africa, Irian jaya
Lowland forests, wooded thickets

Lilium philippinense Baker
Phil, Taiwan (Tan Yu)
In the Philippines, confined to Batanes, Benguet, Bontoc, Mt. :Provinces.

Open grasslands
Phoenix loureiroi Kunth.var. loureiroi

Phoenix hanceana var. philipinensis

Palm Tree
Batanes, China

In the Philippines, this palm is found only in Batanes, now threatened
Lowland grasslands
Ornamental plant; leaves used for vakul, kanayi, brooms. Ripe fruits are edible.
Areca catechu L. var. catechu
Palm tree with oblong fruits
Cultivated in fields and wooded thickets
Nut is chewed as nganga; used as medicine to relieve headaches; trunks used as house floorings

Areca catechu L. var. batanensis Becc
Palm tree with rounded fruits
Batanes endemic
Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Same use as A. catechu var catechu

Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Var. major
Phil, pantropic
Weed; roofing material, boiled roots used as medicinal beverage

Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G.Don

Phil, Malaysia, Solomon Islands
Edges of lowland forests
Ornamental plant
Calophyllum inophyllum L.
Phil, Africa, Southwestern Pacific Islands

Lowland forests, wooded thickets
Lumber for boats
Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz.
Phil, Africa, Southwestern Pacific Islands

Common along beaches
Shade tree, lumber for boat planks
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.
Pantropic, Introduced to the Philippines from Mexico by Spaniards
Cultivated in farms
Major root crop of Batanes.  Leaves as vegetable.

Vanda lamellata Lindl.
Phil, Taiwan, Borneo
Lowland forests, cliffs facing the sea in Itbayat

Ornamental plant
Ficus septica Burm.f.
Phil, Ryuku, Southwestern Pacific Islands
Lowland forests, wooded thickets, littoral cliffs

Shade tree on roadsides

Bring this along when you visit Batanes.  It could be a good reference.